May 20, 2020

Antisemitism in Europe - Statistics & Facts

Since the turn of the century there has been an increase in the number of violent antisemitic incidents worldwide, with over a thousand recorded in 2009 alone. In 2019 there were 122 violent antisemitic attacks reported in the United Kingdom, and a further 41 in Germany. In a 2018 survey on antisemitism in Europe, a majority of respondents in Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands and France thought that antisemitism had increased in the past five years. All of these countries, with the addition of Italy, Belgium and the United Kingdom, also had a majority of people say that their country had a problem with holocaust denial.

In the United Kingdom the number of antisemitic incidents doubled between 2013 and 2014, and peaked in 2019 at 1,805. When looking at the monthly figures for antisemitic incidents in the UK, the number of incidents has not fallen below 100 since December 2017. In terms of where antisemitic attacks happened, over half of these offences occurred in London, while a further 223 happened in Greater Manchester. The vast majority of these antisemitic incidents were classed as being general abusive behavior, and 365 were aimed at individuals in public.

There is an undeniable political element to these attacks which is reflected in the figures recorded by the German police, with 1,412 antisemitic offences classified as being right-wing crime. On the other side of the political spectrum, anti-Semitic trends within the UK Labour Party were given as a reason for the departure of several MPs in early 2019. In France, 59 percent of people thought that antisemitism in politics was a problem in their country, with 74 percent of French respondents also identifying social media as contributing to the rise in antisemitism.

Statistic: Number of violent anti-Semitic incidents worldwide from 1989 to 2019 | Statista
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Statistic: Number of violent anti-Semitic attacks in selected countries in 2019 | Statista
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Source: statista