Right, racist and antisemitic violence 2020 in Germany

The counseling centers for victims of right-wing, racist and antisemitic violence, which are part of the VBRG eV, have documented a persistently high level of right-wing violence in the five eastern German states, Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein in 2020. In the eight federal states - despite the restrictions on public life in the corona pandemic - 1,322 right-wing, racist and antisemitic attacks were registered. In 2020, at least three to four people were victims of right-wing violence in half of all federal states. Of the 1,922 directly affected by these acts, almost a fifth are particularly vulnerable children and adolescents (339 people in bed).

As in previous years, racism was by far the most common motive in 2020. Around two thirds of all attacks (809 cases) were racially motivated and were mainly directed against people with migration or refugee experience and black Germans. Anti-Asian racism against people with Asian roots has also increased in the pandemic through acts of violence as well as discrimination and insults. Another large group that has seen an increase compared to the previous year is the group of so-called political opponents (237 cases).

What is needed now: A right-wing terrorism victims fund in Hesse and material solidarity instead of Sunday speeches

"The demands of the bereaved and survivors of the Hanau attack for clarification, prosecution and appropriate support must finally be met," says Newroz Duman from the February 19 initiative in Hanau. The CDU / GREEN coalition government must finally close the serious gap in material support for the bereaved and survivors. “That is why more than 50,000 people are petitioning the establishment of a right-wing terrorism victim fund by the Hessian state government made up of the CDU and Bündnis90 / DIE GRÜNEN. "Despite all the Sunday speeches and confessions of the cabinet committee to combat right-wing extremism and racism, the survivors and those attacked by right-wing violence are reduced to petitioners and all too often abandoned by the rule of law," says Newroz Duman.

Experts criticize the further normalization of antisemitism and racism in the corona crisis

"In the corona crisis we see a threatening normalization of antisemitism and racism, which threaten social cohesion and the participation of the attacked," warns Benjamin Steinitz from the Federal Association RIAS. "In some protests against the infection control measures, despite all the differences in the participants, the permanently latent antisemitism behind the conspiracy-based thinking now becomes evident," says Benjamin Steinitz. “The very rapid dynamics of the heating in the past months - from permanent rule violations to aggressive behavior and threats both on site and in social media channels to calls for murder and violence - creates the breeding ground for the most serious acts of violence against social minorities. "

Right-wing violence in 2020: Increase in Saxony-Anhalt and Schleswig-Holstein, constant high number of attacks in six other federal states

In the eight federal states in East Germany, Berlin, Schleswig-Holstein and North Rhine-Westphalia, in which right-wing violence can be independently monitored by the victim counseling centers, the number of right-wing acts of violence registered in 2020 fell by a mere two percent compared to the previous year. However, the development is inconsistent in the federal states. Measured by population, racist and right-wing violence increased in Saxony-Anhalt (7.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) compared to the previous year, in Berlin (9.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), Brandenburg (5.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), Saxony (5.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (5.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) and Thuringia (4.7 attacks per 100. 000 inhabitants) right-wing violence remains at a persistently high and worrying level despite a slight decline. As in previous years, the number of right-wing acts of violence in western German states such as Schleswig-Holstein (increase from 1.9 (2019) to 2.7 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) and in the most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia (1.1 attacks per 100,000 inhabitants) compared to East Germany and Berlin.

Discrepancy between the numbers of advice centers and law enforcement agencies remains high

In 2019, the BKA found only 759 PMK acts of hateful violence for the whole of Germany, while the victim counseling centers in the East German federal states, Berlin, North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein had documented 1,347 right-wing attacks for eight federal states in the same year.

“We can see that the discrepancy between the attacks registered by the law enforcement authorities in the category“ right hate crime ”in the overall category of PMK legal acts of violence and the number of victim counseling centers remains high,” says Judith Porath. “As in previous years, the annual balance sheets of the federal state law enforcement authorities and the BKA are missing numerous acts of violence from 2020, in which the perpetrators acted with unbelievable brutality and apparently acted out of racist and right-wing motivation. The victims survived the gunshot wounds, kicks, blows and knife stabs of the right-wing perpetrators, often only through fortunate circumstances. "The still inadequate and incomplete recording and recognition of racism, antisemitism and right-wing extremism as motives by the police and the judiciary conceal the extent of the deadly dimension of right-wing violence and leave those affected in the lurch, ”emphasizes Judith Porath, referring to eight example cases from Bavaria, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony Thuringia, which were not recorded as PMK legal acts of violence by the law enforcement authorities. (see press release of the VBRG eV from April 16, 2021 )

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Source: verband-brg