Romania - Poll: The perception of interethnic relations and the Holocaust in Romania

From November 22nd to December 2nd, 2021, an opinion poll on “Perception of Interethnic Relations and the Holocaust in Romania” was conducted, research conducted by Studio Twelve under the command of INSHR-EW.

The sample is representative for the adult population of Romania, being conducted 1064 interviews, with a tolerated error of ± 3%, at a probability level of 95%.

The strongest negative opinions are towards the Roma minority. Thus, 19% of respondents believe that Roma “should not come to Romania” or “visit Romania”, and 38% perceive Roma as a threat or a problem for the country.

Regarding Jews, 37% of respondents believe that they "should go and live in their country", and 30% of the sample agree that in certain professions and occupations the number of Jews should be limited. Also, 53% of respondents agree that Jews "only pursue their own interests."

At the same time, 65% of respondents agree that Jews are an important minority for Romania and 78% appreciate that Jews have a good relationship with the rest of the population. Also, 79% think that Jews have many important personalities in the scientific, artistic, medical field.

The percentage of those disinterested in the Holocaust is almost double (40%) compared to those interested (24%) among the subjects.

27% of respondents associate the Holocaust with the extermination of Jews during World War II and 22% of respondents choose the "NS / NR" option when asked what they think when they hear the term Holocaust.

65% of respondents consider that the Holocaust happened in Germany, 52% in other countries, and only 32% consider that it happened in Romania as well.

Of those who say the Holocaust took place in Romania (32% of the sample), 63% mistakenly identified "the deportation of Jews to camps controlled by Nazi Germany" as an act of the Holocaust in Romania and 51% indicated that the main action was The Romanian Holocaust "confiscation of movable and immovable property".

Of the same sub-sample (32% of the sample), 53% consider Nazi Germany to be the main culprit for the outbreak of the Holocaust in Romania and only 31% consider that the main responsibility lies with the Antonescu Government.

Among those who know that the Holocaust took place in Romania (32% of the sample), 51% erroneously indicated as the cause of the deportation of Roma to Transnistria by the Antonescu government, "Germany's influence on the Romanian government".

90% of respondents agree that the memory of Holocaust victims must be kept alive. At the same time, 35% of the sample consider that "Jews use the Holocaust in Romania for their own interests".

The perception of Ion Antonescu's personality remains polarized. Antonescu continues to be seen as a patriot (59% of respondents) and a great strategist (53%) and to a similar extent respondents agree that Antonescu is responsible for crimes against Roma (50%) and crimes against Jews (46%). As in the previous surveys, the question about Ion Antonescu shows a high percentage of those who offer non-answers (I can't appreciate it; I don't know / don't answer), about 1/5 of the sample.

70% of respondents agree that the Legionary Movement "was responsible for crimes against political leaders", and 55% believe that it was a fascist organization.

Of those who state that current political parties and parties have antisemitic messages (43% of the sample), most mention AUR (35%), followed by PSD and PNL, both mentioned by 16% of respondents in the 43% sub-sample.

The opinion poll can be consulted here.

Source: inshr--ew-ro